Cerro Chucantí is an isolated massif in eastern Panama that rises from sea level to 1439 meters in elevation and sustains a diverse cloudforest as well as other tropical forest ecosystems. The geographic isolation of the Cerro Chucantí mountaintop has allowed its fauna and flora to differentiate considerably, such that it contains a number of locally endemic rainforest species and subspecies found nowhere else on Earth.
The rainforests of Cerro Chucantí maintain populations of endangered wildlife such as the Great Green Macaw (Ara ambiguous) and Baird´s Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) as well as vulnerable species such as the Giant Anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja), Great Curassow (Crax rubra), Puma (Puma concolor), and Jaguar (Panthera onca), whose populations are extremely vulnerable to habitat loss, fragmentation, and overhunting.
Cerro Chucantí has been designated an Important Bird Area by the Panama Audubon Society and is rated as a High-Priority Endemic Bird Area of the World (EBA 024: Darien Highlands) by Birdlife International with such specialties as the Beautiful Treerunner (Margarornis bellulus), an endemic race of Russet-crowned Quail-Dove (Geotrygon goldmani oreas), and an undescribed race of the Varied Solitaire ((Myadestes coloratus)
Chucanti lies in a key biological transition zone between two global Biodiversity Hotspots, the Mesoamerican Hotspot and the Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Hotspot, as defined by Conservation International.